Introducing the Sight Word
Create sight word flashcards. Make sure to show them clearly to each student in your class and pronounce the word clearly for everyone to hear. If you want to reuse them for other activities in class, such as treasure hunts, check if it is durable enough and easy to maintain in the long run. Sometimes when working on sight words for the class, it might be most beneficial to create a Google or Powerpoint slide as flashcards.
Show students the word. Read it and show them the word as you read it. Make sure to emphasize the beginning and ending sounds. Sometimes, I call sight words heart words because you need to know them “by heart.” I will use this when teaching how to spell the word. Usually, the beginning and end of the sight word are phonetic and easy to spell, but we need to learn how the medial sounds are formed by “heart.” That means that we need to memorize it. This is a good way to have them understand that sight words don’t usually follow conventional spelling and need to be memorized.
Before you start teaching sight words make sure your students have had instruction in phonemic awareness and that they understand the vocabulary words beginning, middle (medial) and end. This will make reading instruction easier.